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How to Take Control of Your Diabetes

There are many techniques you can use to control your diabetes. You can learn as much as you can about diabetes and how to control it, so that you can make the best choices for yourself.

One way to control your diabetes is to keep track of your blood sugar levels. You can use a blood sugar monitor to track your blood sugar levels and make sure that you are taking the correct medications. You can also use a blood sugar monitor to help you learn how to control your blood sugar levels.

You can also use a diabetes management plan to control your diabetes. A diabetes management plan includes instruction on how to control your blood sugar levels, how to eat

How to control diabetes?

  • Focus less on a specific diet and instead create a pattern of eating. This should include fish at least twice a week, fruits and vegetables every day, and limits on drinks besides water.
  • Exercise smarter not longer. Consider high-intensity exercise such as power walking for 10 minutes, three times a week.
  • Recognize the mind-body connection. Stress will impact your hormones, which will affect your blood sugar. Learn how mindfulness, meditation, and gratitude play a role in diabetes management.

Keep in mind that for most people, losing just 5% to 7% of excess body weight can help restore blood sugar control to normal. Realize you have the power to take control of your risk. Get informed and use that power!

What is diabetes?

There are three main types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes – Your body does not make insulin. This is a problem because you need insulin to take the sugar (glucose) from the foods you eat and turn it into energy for your body. You need to take insulin every day to live.
  • Type 2 diabetes – Your body does not make or use insulin well. You may need to take pills or insulin to help control your diabetes. Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes.
  • Gestational (jest-TAY-shun-al) diabetes – Some women get this kind of diabetes when they are pregnant. Most of the time, it goes away after the baby is born. But even if it goes away, these women and their children have a greater chance of getting diabetes later in life.

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Why take care of your diabetes?

Taking care of yourself and your diabetes can help you feel good today and in the future.

When your blood sugar (glucose) is close to normal, you are likely to:

  • have more energy
  • be less tired and thirsty
  • need to pass urine less often
  • heal better
  • have fewer skin or bladder infections

You will also have less chance of having health problems caused by diabetes such as:

  • heart attack or stroke
  • eye problems that can lead to trouble seeing or going blind
  • pain, tingling, or numbness in your hands and feet, also called nerve damage
  • kidney problems that can cause your kidneys to stop working
  • teeth and gum problems

Diabetes can be controlled by keeping blood sugar levels within a normal range, eating well and being physically active. Find out what your targets are from your healthcare provider.

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What can you do to take control of your diabetes?

  • Make healthy food choices; eat smaller portions and less fat, and spread carbohydrates (bread, fruit, milk) throughout the day.
  • If you are overweight, try to lose some weight so you can better use insulin.
  • See a dietitian for a meal plan that works for you.
  • Increase physical activity. Aim for 30 minutes every day.
  • Take medications as prescribed. Most people with type 2 diabetes need several medicines to control blood glucose; those with type 1 diabetes must take insulin.
  • Check blood glucose regularly and discuss the results with your healthcare team.

There are many things that you can do to take control of your diabetes. You can make changes to your diet and exercise habits, or you can get medication to help control your blood sugar. You can also use a diabetes monitor to help you track your blood sugar levels and make changes to your lifestyle accordingly.


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